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CSR Report 2014

Environment and Safety (Related Data)

Protection of the Atmospheric Environment

Boiler Emissions Countermeasures

At the Yokkaichi Plant, which generates its own power, we installed flue gas desulfurizers to reduce emissions of sulfur oxides (SOx). We also substantially cut emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) by installing burners with low NOx emissions and denitrification equipment. SOx emissions and NOx emissions substantially reduced in FY2014 with fuel switching (from heavy oil to city gas) at the Kashima Plant (South Joint Power Plant). JSR will continue to adopt the best emissions reduction technologies and will continue to make improvements.

SOx emissions SOx emissions
NOx emissions NOx emissions

Regarding PRTR

PRTR*1 Activities

Every year, based on the Act on Confirmation, etc. of Release Amounts of Specific Chemical Substances in the Environment and Promotion of Improvements to the Management Thereof (PRTR Act), JSR aggregates the amount of designated chemical substances released into the environment (atmosphere, water and soil) or transferred by manufacturing or used in the previous year, and notifies the government of Japan of the results. Primarily for substances that are released in significant amounts and have a great impact on the environment, we have implemented a range of measures in a planned manner, including enhancing airtightness of their release source, rendering them harmless by incineration and improving their manufacturing processes. In FY2014, as a result of taking such measures, we reduced emissions of the substances designated by the PRTR Act (309 tons) by 89% from the FY1996 level.
*1 Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (PRTR): A system for registering the emission and movement of environmental pollutants
*2 PRTR Law: Law Concerning Reporting, etc. of Releases to the Environment of Specific Chemical Substances and Promoting Improvements in Their Management

Amounts of Pollutants Emitted and
Transferred in FY2014 (tons/year)

(Including Techno Polymer Co., Ltd. Kraton JSR Elastomers K.K. Japan Butyl Co., Ltd. Kashima Plant)

Amounts of Pollutants Emitted and Transferred in FY2014
Amounts of Atmospheric Emissions of
PRTR Applicable Substances
Amounts of Atmospheric Emissions of PRTR Applicable Substances

Emissions of Chemical Substances*3(PRTR Law)
Ordinance designated number Substance Amounts handled*4
Atmospheric emissions
Water emissions
1 Zinc compounds (water-solble) 1.629 0.000 1.629 0.000
2 Acrylamide 93.737 0.005 0.000 0.000
4 Acrylic acid and its water-soluble salts 1,264.9 0.000 0.000 0.000
7 n-Butyl acrylate 1,984.6 0.000 0.000 0.000
9 Acrylonitrile 46,662.8 13.851 0.000 0.000
13 Acetonitrile 56.9 0.111 0.591 2.898
20 2-Aminoethanol 2.9 0.004 0.000 0.000
30 n-Alkylbenzensulfonic acid and its salts
(limited to those with 10 to 14 alkyl group carbons and their mixtures)
982.2 0.000 0.000 0.000
36 Isoprene 92,860.6 1.093 0.000 1.013
71 Ferric chloride 16.6 0.000 0.000 0.000
80 Xylene 3.4 0.001 0.000 0.000
83 Cumene 18.1 0.183 0.000 0.000
150 1,4-Dioxane 1.6 0.002 0.000 1.108
186 Dichloromethane 51.9 3.452 0.000 10.996
190 Dicyclopentadiene 14,438.1 0.089 0.000 39.428
202 Divinylbenzene 29.3 0.003 0.000 0.000
203 Diphenylamine 50.2 0.000 0.000 0.000
207 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-cresol
564.9 7.980 0.000 20.546
213 N, N-dimethylacetamide 2.6 0.043 0.000 0.014
220 Water-soluble salts of dimethyldithiocarbamic acid 152.2 0.001 0.000 0.000
234 Bromine 1,957.9 0.000 0.000 0.000
240 Styrene 130,581.2 30.417 0.000 1.538
274 Tert-dodecanethiol 1,025.7 0.067 0.000 0.000
276 3, 6, 9-triazaundecane-1, 11-diamine
(also known as tetraethylenepentamine)
17.4 0.000 0.000 0.983
300 Toluene 2,823.7 36.406 0.196 1,434.133
309 Nickel compounds 0.6 0.000 0.017 0.134
321 Vanadium compounds 41.6 0.000 0.000 40.666
330 Bis (1-methyl-1-phenylethyl) peroxide 17.1 0.000 0.000 0.000
337 4-Vinyl-1-cyclohexene 120.1 0.000 0.000 3.770
351 1, 3-Butadiene 616,927.4 8.492 0.000 0.911
355 Bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 35.2 0.000 0.000 0.000
366 Tert-butyl hydroperoxide 7.7 0.000 0.000 0.000
392 n-Hexane 1,113.8 201.666 0.000 86.947
405 Boron compounds 1.3 0.000 0.544 0.000
415 Methacrylic acid 103.9 0.000 0.000 0.000
417 2, 3-Epoxypropyl methacrylate 8.7 0.000 0.000 0.000
420 Methyl methacrylate 6,576.5 2.329 0.000 0.000
436 α-Methylstyrene 11,463.5 2.262 0.000 0.000
440 1-Methyl-1-phenylethyl hydroperoxide 100.4 0.001 0.000 0.000
Total 932,162.9 308.5 3.0 1,645.085
243 Polychlorinated-dibenzo-p-dioxins*6 0.0847 0.0006 0.0790
*3 PRTR law gives the unit in kg but this report gives the unit in tons (to the first decimal place)
*4 The handling amount shows the figure after base deduction (1 ton/year per place of business)
*5 The transfer amount is the amount committed to intermediate waste service companies plus the amount discharged into public sewers
*6 Dioxin category unit mg-TEQ

Initiatives for Reducing VOC Emissions into the Atmosphere

Having set a high voluntary goal of reducing emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) by 75% from FY2001 levels, JSR made a large-scale investment between FY2007 and FY2010 to install five dried-synthetic rubber waste incinerators in three plants. We also carried out meticulous maintenance and management activities, including enhancing the airtightness of release points, improving the working method by adopting a closed system for chemical sampling and preventing leakage from bulbs. Consequently, VOC emissions in FY2014 totaled 1,080 tons (a 74% reduction from FY2001), which fell slightly short of our voluntary goal but nonetheless substantially exceeded both the target specified in the Air Pollution Control Act and the target set by the Japan Chemical Industry Association, with which JSR is affiliated. As we ramp up our production volume, we will maintain the level of the current voluntary goal (75% reduction from FY2001) without a large-scale investment by ensuring proper operation of dried-synthetic rubber waste incinerators and finely tuned maintenance and management.
Reference: VOC reduction targets
(1) Air Pollution Control Act (enforced in April 2006): To achieve a 30% reduction in the amount of VOCs released into the atmosphere by FY2011 from the FY2001 level with the best mix of laws and regulations, along with operators’ voluntary activities.
(2) Japan Chemical Industry Association: To achieve a 51% reduction in the amount of VOCs released into the atmosphere by FY2011 from the FY2001 level

Acrylonitrile Acrylonitrile
1,3-Butadiene 1,3-Butadiene
Dichloromethane Dichloromethane
Styrene Styrene
Toluene Toluene
VOC Emissions Volumes VOC Emissions Volumes

Preservation of Water Quality

JSR performs rigorous wastewater management at all of its plants and strives to maintain and improve water quality. JSR is in full compliance with the 7th Total Pollutant Load Control that was put into operation in April 2012. We will continue to strictly monitor water quality and strive to further reduce our impact on water.

Total Wastewater Total Wastewater
Chemical Oxygen Demand Emissions Chemical Oxygen Demand Emissions
Total Nitrogen Emissions Total Nitrogen Emissions
Total Phosphorus Emissions Total Phosphorus Emissions

Assessment of Soil and Groundwater Pollution

Groundwater (Environmental Quality Standards for Groundwater Pollution) and soil (major items regulated under environmental standards) at all three of our plants are periodically inspected. As in previous years, no problems were found in FY2014.

Asbestos Measures

In accordance with the Ordinance on Prevention of Hazards due to Asbestos, JSR has conducted checks at all of its facilities (office, manufacturing, R&D and employee amenity areas), including those of all Group companies, where asbestos containing materials have been sprayed. Subsequently, at locations in plants where asbestos was found, we completed removal and enclosure projects in FY2007. In addition, we are investigating the replacement of asbestos containing gaskets with non-asbestos containing types and are progressively carrying out replacements when the safety of their use in production has been confirmed.
The Air Pollution Control Act and the Ordinance on Prevention of Hazards due to Asbestos were amended on June 1, 2014 to prevent asbestos from spreading in the atmosphere, and accordingly, regulations concerning building demolition work were tightened. In accordance with these amended laws, we will continue to act properly to prevent workers engaged in building demolition from acquiring health problems caused by asbestos exposure.
In order to accommodate requests from the Labour Standards Bureau of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare to thoroughly inform our employees of various systems, including the issuance of the asbestos-related health care handbook and the provision of special benefits as industrial workers' compensation for bereaved families, we introduced the relevant leaflet released by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare on our website.

Information on the asbestos-related health care handbook and the industrial workers' compensation system

PCB Management

In accordance with the Act on Special Measures concerning Promotion of Proper Treatment of PCB Wastes, JSR strictly stocks and manages PCB waste. We have progressively been rendering it harmless as shown in the table below.

FY2014 Number of devices Oil containing PCB (liter)
Electrical devices Devices in storage (not in use) 107 74,994
Devices in operation 0 0
Total 107 74,994
Total number of devices treated 209 110,473
Current treatment status (%) 66.1 59.6

Measurement of Ozone-depleting Substances

In 1994, JSR eliminated all use of carbon tetrachloride. By FY2011, all CFCs contained in large-scale designated equipment at our manufacturing facilities were replaced by chlorofluorocarbon substitutes.

Environment Merit Award

To further encourage environmental protection activities, we created the Environment Merit Award for people who have made an important contribution to environmental protection through any of a range activities that include environmental product and technology development, environmental impact reduction, and assisting local communities with environment-related issues. Nine employees received this award for three areas of excellence in FY2014.

Environment Merit Award
Case Description
Yokkaichi Plant Reduction of CO2 emissions through optimized operation of the power generator Efficient operating conditions of the boiler-turbine generator unit were standardized, resulting in an approximate 10,700 tons/year reduction in CO2 emissions.
Yokkaichi Plant Reduction of COD load in wastewater through optimized operation of the wastewater lagoon Operation of the wastewater lagoon was improved such that the COD load in wastewater was efficiently lowered by approximately 16%/year.
Chiba Plant Reduction of waste ARTON resin A technique to turn non-standard ARTON resin, which until then had simply been disposed of, into valuable materials was established in cooperation with Group companies, resulting in an approximate 147 tons/year reduction in the amount of waste generated.

Environmental Accounting

■ JSR Independent Accounting

JSR introduced environmental accounting in FY2000 with the following two objectives
1. To strive to quantify the amount of resources invested into the environment and implement sound measures for the environment.
2. To publish environmental accounting and increase corporate transparency.

■ Aggregation Scope

JSR Head Office, Yokkaichi Plant, Chiba Plant, Kashima Plant and Research Laboratories (including JSR Life Sciences Corporation)

■ Target Period

April 1, 2013 - March 31, 2014

■ Unit

Million yen

Underlying Assumptions regarding Aggregation and Calculation
1. While costs were mainly calculated based on actual results, some expenses were calculated based on underlying assumptions.
2. Economic effects were substantial and did not include conversions of risk aversion effects or deemed effects into monetary amounts.

Environmental Protection Costs

(Unit: million yen)
Category Details of implementation
(figures in parentheses are in millions of yen)
Investment*1 Expense
FY2013 FY2014 FY2013 FY2014
(1) Business area costs 739 555 4,621 3,891
Breakdown (1)-1
Pollution prevention costs
Investments: Reduction of toxic atmospheric pollutants and measures to prevent atmospheric pollution (74), water pollution control measures (168), measures to prevent odors (99), etc.
Expenses: Operation maintenance cost, depreciation expenses, etc.
water quality (479), odor (553), etc.)
(167)*2 (344)*2 (1,870)*2 (1,356)*2
Global environmental protection costs
Investments: On-site power generation (113), energy-saving measures (24)
Expenses: Operational maintenance cost, depreciation expenses, personnel expenses (821), etc.
(466)*2 (163)*2 (1,089)*2 (943)*2
Resource circulation costs
Investments: Renovation of the ancillary facilities of industrial waste incinerators (43), etc.
Expenses: Maintenance of industrial waste incinerators (944), industrial waste recycling (158), etc.
(106)*2 (48)*2 (1,662)*2 (1,592)*2
(2) Upstream/downstream costs 0 0 0 0
(3) Management activity costs Investments: Renovation of analysis equipment (6), etc.
Expenses: Maintenance of monitoring and measuring systems (81), maintenance of ISO 14001 (57), greening and preservation (35), etc.
167 10 438 467
(4) Research and development costs Expenses: Development of environmentally considerate products (1,440), registration of new chemical substances (170), etc. 0 0 1,501*3 1,670
(5) Social activity costs Expenses: Environmental activities (25), support for ICETT (16), JSR’s burden charge for environmental groups (7), etc. 0 0 43 52
Total 906 565 6,603 6,080

*1 Refers to the amount of the orders placed
*2 Figures in parentheses indicate breakdowns of the totals
*3: Corrected from the figure disclosed last year (1,504)

Item Cost (million yen)
FY2013 FY2014
Total amount of investments for the period*4 9,300 8,850
Total amount of research and development costs for the period 16,500 16,500

*4 Refers to the amount of the orders placed
Note: The total amount of investments increased in FY2013 due to the implementation of large projects to combat global warming and promote energy conservation, but returned to normal in FY2014.

Environmental Protection Effects

Effect Index Unit FY2013 FY2014 Year-on-year improvement*5 Related information
Environmental effects related to resources used in business activites Energy use (crude oil equivalent) kℓ 275,400 267,500 -7,900 For more information
Use of resources designated under PRTR law tons 964,600 932,200 -32,400 For more information
Water resource use Thousand square meters 15,200 15,100 -100 For more information
Environmental protection effects related to environmental impact and waste discharged from business activities CO2 emissions tons 706,200 645,500 -60,700 For more information
SOx emissions tons 27 5 -22 For more information
NOx emissions tons 415 328 -87 For more information
PRTR substance emissions tons 303 312 9 For more information
Wastewater Thousand square meters 11,891 12,511 620 For more information
COD emissions tons 463 444 -19 For more information
Total nitrogen emissions tons 145 147 2 For more information
Total phosphorus emissions tons 0.4 0.3 0 For more information
Waste materials from plants tons 23,791 23,535 -256 For more information
Waste recycled offsite tons 21,739 22,118 379 For more information
Reduced volume of waste treated offsite tons 2,045 1,416 -629 For more information
Waste materials from plants disposed of by landfill tons 7.0 0 -7.0 For more information
PRTR materials transported tons 2,451 1,645 -806 For more information
Other environmental effects Products transported million ton-kilometer 471 492 21 For more information
CO2 emissions during transport tons 21,900 22,960 1,060 For more information
Environmental complaints (odor, noise, vibration) cases 0 0 0 For more information

*5 Improvement from the previous years has not been corrected in terms of the production volume

Economical Effects of Environmental Protection Measures*6

(Unit: million yen)
Effect (for one year) Benefit
FY2013 FY2014
Cost reduction By saving energy 386 142
By saving resources 215 174
By treating waste on-site 0 288
Total 601 604

*6 The economical effects of energy saving and resource saving compared to the previous year

Consolidated Accounting for Group Companies

(Unit: million yen)
Investments Expenses Benefit
FY2013 FY2014 FY2013 FY2014 FY2013 FY2014
JSR 906 565 6,603*7 6,080 601 604
Total of 14 Group companies 110 130 2,334 2,242 362 494
Total 1,016 695 8,937*7 8,322 963 1,098

*7 Corrected from the figures disclosed last year (Expenses in FY2013: JSR (6,606), Total (8,940))

Development of New Environmental Protection Technologies

Amount of Capital Investment

Amount of Capital Investment

JSR makes continuous investments in the environment and safety. Investments made in FY2014 reached 2.7 billion yen. This consisted of investments in plant and facilities aimed at various environmental improvements such as energy-saving equipment, and safety improvements such as full-scale anti-seismic measures. JSR will continue to make ambitious investments to maintain and improve the environmental, safety, and health aspects of operations in accordance with its medium-term capital investment plan.

Main Areas of Environmental & Safety Capital Investment
(Year in parentheses is investment year)

  • Large-scale, natural gas-fired turbine cogeneration system (FY2010)
  • Full-scale anti-seismic measures for facilities (FY1996-2014)
  • Ground flare installation (FY2000, FY2008)
  • Renovation of sludge dehydrator and upgrading efficiency (FY2001)
  • Facilities to reduce hazardous atmospheric pollutants (FY1999-2008)
    (dichloromethane solvent recovery facilities, 1,3-Butadiene treatment facility, incinerators for dry synthetic rubber dry exhaust, etc.)
  • Augmented comprehensive facilities to treat wastewater (FY2006, FY2008)
  • Sludge dryer system (FY2013)

Development of New Environmental Protection Technologies

Guided by the company's environmental concept that "technological breakthroughs enhance environmental protection," JSR, led by its Process Development Center, is actively engaged in the development of new technologies to promote environmental protection. The following are recent themes in technological development approached by JSR. We deploy technologies as they are developed.

Main Areas of Environmental & Safety Technology Development

    1. Development of Energy-saving Processes
  • Computer-assisted optimization of heat recovery (pinch technology)
  • Computer-assisted optimization of energy use in control systems
  • Energy-saving through changes in heat recovery and solvent types across multiple plants
  • 2. Other Technologies to Reduce Environmental Impact
  • Development of solution polymerization manufacturing facilities and a new solvent recovery process (to reduce hydrocarbon emissions into the atmosphere)
  • Development of synthetic rubber manufacturing facilities and dry exhaust systems (to reduce odors near plants and hydrocarbon emissions into the atmosphere)
  • Development of polymerization technologies to combat total nitrogen emissions (measures to prevent eutrophication of ocean waters)
  • Development of environmental technology through more effective use of microbes (to reduce odors near plants and to improve the quality of wastewater)
  • Incineration technology for dry synthetic rubber dry exhaust (measures for harmful atmospheric pollutants)
  • Installation of a sludge dryer system (to reduce CO2 emissions and promote effective utilization of waste)

Improving the Local Environment

Kashima PlantDried-synthetic rubber waste incinerator (Kashima Plant)

JSR values the opinions of local residents and considers high transparency of plant operations to be the key to improving the local environment. With this in mind, we have strived to improve the local environment by implementing monitoring and tours of environmental equipment at regular intervals. In FY2007 and 2008, we installed equipment to incinerate dry synthetic rubber dry exhaust (RTO*8) at the Yokkaichi, Kashima, and Chiba plants to prevent foul odors. In FY2009, a ground flare was installed at the Yokkaichi Plant to prevent noise and flashes, and as a result there were no environmental complaints from FY2009 to FY2014. We will continue to strive to maintain our basic policy of improving the local environment.
*8 RTO (Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer): A device that combusts VOCs and breaks them down into water and CO2 to make emissions clear

Improvement Initiatives

Odor: Emissions incinerator
Noise: Ground flare

Trends in Number of Environmental Complaints Trends in Number of Environmental Complaints
グランドフレアーGround flare
(Yokkaichi Plant)

List of Major Environmental and Safety Awards

JSR was recognized for its leadership on the environment and safety with the following awards.

1979 Kashima Plant Japan Chemical Industry Association (JCIA) Safety Award
1982 Yokkaichi Plant Japan Chemical Industry Association (JCIA) Safety Award
1986 Chiba Plant Minister of International Trade and Industry Outstanding High-Pressure Gas Plant
1989 Yokkaichi Plant Minister of International Trade and Industry Outstanding High-Pressure Gas Plant
1991 Chiba Plant Minister of Labor Progress Award (in the safety category)
1992 Kashima Plant Minister of International Trade and Industry Outstanding High-Pressure Gas Plant
1993 Yokkaichi Plant Director-General, Fire Defense Agency Fire Defense Award
1993 Kashima Plant Minister of Labor Progress Award (in the safety category)
1994 Chiba Plant Director-General, Fire Defense Agency Fire Defense Award
1994 Kashima Plant Director-General, Fire Defense Agency Fire Defense Award
1995 Chiba Plant Minister of Labor Award for Excellence (in the safety category)
1995 Kashima Plant Minister of Labor Award for Effort (in the safety category)
1999 Chiba Plant Japan Chemical Industry Association (JCIA) Safety Award
2002 Chiba Plant Minister of Health, Labor and Welfare Award for Effort (in the health category)
2003 Yokkaichi Plant Chubu Bureau of Trade, Economy and Industry Award for Excellent Energy Management Plant (Thermal Sector)
2006 Tsukuba Research Laboratories Director-General, Fire Defense Agency Fire Defense Award
2007 Yokkaichi Plant Japan Responsible Care Council (JRCC) Responsible Care Award
2010 Chiba Plant Japan Chemical Industry Association (JCIA) Award for Safety Excellence
2012 Yokkaichi Plant Japan Chemical Industry Association (JCIA) Most Excellence Award for Safety
2013 Chiba Plant Japan Chemical Industry Association Responsible Care Award
2013 JSR Optic Tsukuba Director-General, Fire Defense Agency Fire Defense Award
2013 JSR Micro Kyushu Director-General, Fire Defense Agency Fire Defense Award
2013 Japan Coloring Chubu Bureau of Trade, Economy and Industry Award for Excellent Energy Management Plant


CSR Report 2014